Candlestick Charting Basics

At present, there are various methods used by investors when it comes to determining shifts in market activity. One of firsts is the candlestick technique, which originated in Japan. This is what they used back then to indicate the effect of investors’ emotions in security costs, supply, and demand for rice. Today, the style is used the similarly, but in stocks.


An ordinary candlestick line looks a bit distinct compared to a typical bar chart usually seen. It gauges the market’s high, low, opening, and closing prices within a day and consists of parts, each with corresponding indication regarding a specific stock’s state. Unlike bars, this one is more focused on the relationship of prices in one day.


Real body - this a broad portion of the stick and refers to variation of the open and close prices at an individual day’s swap. A black body equates to the close being lower than the open, while an empty one reflects the otherwise.

Shadows - it shows the high and low values of exchange and are positioned above and below the body. A short, filled topmost shadow specifies the open value is closer to the high of the day. Meanwhile, an empty one deems the close price was nearer to the high.


If a bearish season is occurring in a marketplace, a long black line will appear on the graph while during a bullish term, a lengthy white one will be seen. Stock prices are up and down in a wide scope, opens in the day’s high and closed in the low.

There are also what we call spinning tops, which may be black or white. These demonstrates a rigid trading scope between the open and close, and is deemed neutral. Doji lines, meanwhile, determines if the span in which the opening and closing prices are either exactly similar or extremely near.

Currently, this technique has become popular among market players, especially since it gives a glimpse of not only temporary outlooks, but also lasting ones which may reach up to eight or 10 trading sessions. It can be complicated at first, but should be learned by every trader as it aids in generating more accurate predictions on where the stock is headed.