These are non-quantifiable type of risks that can greatly affect the processes and outcome of an investment or project. Generally, the term above ground risk is being used in the industry of energy to denote the non-technical risks like the regulatory climate of the place and the environmental issues embedded. In a broader term, the term above ground risk means a wide list of nebulous risks like corporate governance, security, corporate risk and political risk that can greatly affect an investment when they become a real threat, but their impact or damage is difficult to quantify.