The foreign exchange market basically operates by swapping currencies around the world which, similar to stocks, has a goal of deriving a net profit by following the policy of buying high and selling low. Traders in this field have the advantage of a wide option, hence the marketplace has the highest volume globally, classifying the assets as liquid. However, plenty of risks come along with each completed trade which may result in massive losses. Here are five of the most common perils encountered in this kind of trading:

Leverage When it comes to forex, leverage stipulates a primary investment known as margin. This will be used to access significant trades in various denominations. Small changes in prices may cause margin calls, which will require the individual to pay additional, on top of the previously invested amount. This is why during volatile conditions, too much use of leverage may initiate a string of losses.

Interest rates Courses on macroeconomics have stated that when rates are high, a currency becomes stronger due to an increase in investments given a rise in returns. Meanwhile, a weaker currency will prompt a withdrawal of assets. Because of this gap in cash values, forex prices tend to fluctuate constantly.

Transaction This mostly pertains to time differences between the start and end of a contract. Since forex operates 24 hours, exchange rates tend to change even before it has settled. Plus, currencies are swapped at varying costs during trading hours. The greater the period gap of a contract, the more time is allowed for prices to shift and deals to change faces.

Counterparty It refers to the company which issues the asset to the investor. The risk here is associated with default from dealer in a negotiation. For example, in spot trading, the danger stems from the solvency of market maker. In a volatile condition, the counterparty may be unable to refuse or conform to the contracts.

Country When mulling on investing in currencies, take a look at stability of the providing nation first since in some countries, the swap rates depend on their current leaders. In this case, it is the central bank’s job to sustain ample reserves to maintain a fixed rate. Currency crises may happen with a frequent balance of payment deficits and trigger a devaluation of money. This will be a downward chain, as investors will decide to drop their holdings which will further decrease the denomination’s value.