Economics professor at the University of Minnesota and recipient of 2007 Nobel Prize in Economics, together with Eric Maskin and Roger Myerson, for research on mechanism design. Known as the pioneer of mechanism design, his theory states the competition is not really perfect because some people cheat; and regarding individuals’ self-interest into account, when planning business transactions, can improve outcomes. Aside from this notable contribution, he formulated a general mathematical framework for analyzing institutions that implements collated decision making.