The firm managers and/or executives will buy the controlling interest in the company from existing major shareholders. In most management buyouts, the group will be required to borrow large capital sums to afford paying these shareholders, which leads to the company having a greater amount of debt on its balance sheet.

In most MBO cases, the management will buy out all outstanding shareholders and make the company private, believing the management group has the right skills in leading the business successfully, if the ownership is controlled.